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讲座预告 1月16日农业与农村发展学院学术系列讲座

发布时间:2019-01-14 


时间:2019年1月16日14:00
地点:明德主楼931
主持人:仇焕广  中国人民大学农业与农村发展学院教授
报告人:冯奎双  马里兰大学副教授


报告主题:
Managing the distributional effects of carbon tax and energy subsidy removal in Latin America and the Caribbean 


报告内容:

This study analyzes the impact of energy price hikes on different income groups using an energy-extended input-output approach. We focus on Latin American and the Caribbean, a region that has pioneered cash transfer programs, increasingly aspires to contribute to the climate stabilization agenda, but still faces inequality and limited fiscal space. Our results show that higher-income groups benefit more from low energy prices than low-income groups when tracing both direct and indirect (supply chain) effects of energy price variations. Energy subsidies are a very expensive option to transfer income to poor households. Recycling a small fraction of fiscal revenues from energy subsidy removal or carbon taxation could be sufficient to compensate vulnerable households from the effects of price hikes. Cash transfers to poor households and targeted subsidies for public transportation or food are the most effective measures to compensate households for welfare loss. Our study demonstrates concrete quantified options to correct distributional impacts of carbon taxes in developing countries while reducing fiscal deficits.


报告人简介:

2019011401.jpg冯奎双,博士,马里兰大学副教授。他的研究侧重于不同空间尺度(当地、国家和全球)的能源、碳、水和土地会计,研究领域包括可持续生产和消费、可持续供应链、生命周期分析和情景分析方面的空间生态经济模型。在PNAS、Nature Climate Change、Nature Communications、Nature Sustainability、Global Environmental Change等高影响力的学术期刊上发表了80多篇论文,内容涉及水足迹和虚拟水、碳外包、土地使用、环境不平等等。曾担任超过20种科学同行评审期刊的审稿员、多个国际同行评审期刊的副主编、客座编辑和编辑委员会成员,研究获得了欧盟委员会、美洲开发银行、世界银行、能源基金会和国家自然科学基金会等众多国家和国际机构的资助。 


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